Physiological psychology is a division of biological psychology or behavioral neuroscience that has the contents of neural mechanisms of behavior and perception. Through direct manipulation of the brain that subjects in controlled experiments and the controlled experiment mentioned here are the scientific control observation or experiment that is designed for minimizing the effects of variables which will increase the result’s reliability through the comparison between the measurements of control and other measurements. Scientific control is the part of the scientific method which has two possible outcomes such as positive and negative.
Physiological psychology is the branch of psychology that was concerned with the correlation and study of psychological and physiological events. This field of psychology has both practical and empirical approach while studying human behavior and the brain. Many scientists in this field of psychology believe that the mind is an occurrence that stems from the body’s nervous system. By gaining and studying knowledge about the procedure of the nervous system, this field phycologist can uncover many numbers truths about human behavior.
The main focus of the research of psychology is the development of theories about the behavior relationships of the brain. Physiological psychology is a branch of psychology where the effects of pathological and normal psychological processes that are related to mental life are dispensed. Physiological psychology studies include many topics that are related to the activity in an organism or the response of the body to a behavior.
Physiological psychology concerns the brain chemical interaction, components, structures, and cells that are involved in producing actions. Psychologists in this field will always focus their attention on the common topics which include neurological disorders, psychopharmacology, communication, memory or learning, reproductive behavior, senses, ingestion, emotion, and sleep. The basis for all these studies will surround themselves around the common concept of how the nervous system will interlace with other systems for creating the response of the body to a behavior.
The nervous system will be narrated as a system of control that will interconnect the additional body systems. It consists of the spinal cord, brain, and some other additional nerve tissues all over the body and the primary function of the system is to reach external and internal stimuli in the body of the human. It uses chemical and electrical signals for sending out the responses to the distinct parts of the body, where this nerve system is assembled of many nerve cells that are also called neurons. Throughout the body system, the messages are transferred through the body tissues and it gives a great feel to your body and mind.
Classification of the nervous system under the study of Physiological psychology
The nervous system is classified into two major subdivisions such as the peripheral nervous system and the central nervous system. The central nervous system is made up of the spinal cord and the brain where the brain is the central control of the body and it contains many millions of neural connections. This brain is responsible for receiving and sending messages from the environment and the body and every part of the brains are specialized with different aspects related to the human being that is, for example, a temporal lobe which has major character in audition and vision and the frontal lobe is important for problem-solving and motor function.
The spinal card is fixed to the brain and is also serves as the main bridge between the brain and the nerves. The nerve tissue that is situated outside the central nervous system will be collectively called the peripheral nervous system and this nervous system is again divided into two categories such as the somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system.
The autonomic nervous system is also mentioned as the involuntary component which can regulate the mechanisms and organs of the body such as respiration and digestion. The somatic nervous system is in charge of relaying messages forth and back to the various part of the human body from the brain which is sending messages for muscles from the brain to relax and contract or else sending messages to the brain which is taken from the sensory stimuli.
Common topics focused by psychologists under the study of Physiological psychology field
Emotion and sleep are the common topics focused on by psychologists under the study of the Physiological psychology field. Emotion has a major influence on determining the response of the body to behave and it is assumed that the emotions are forecasts and are rooted in the different areas in the brain which are evoked based on the type of emotions. An emotional response is divided into three significant categories such as hormonal emotions, autonomic emotions, and behavioral emotions.
The behavioral emotional components are explained by the movements of the muscles that are accompanied by emotions. For example, if you are experiencing fear, the possible behavioral mechanism from the fear factor will be to run away. The autonomic emotional aspect provides the ability for reacting to the emotion and this will be like a flight to flight response which the body receives automatically from the brain signals.
Hormonal emotional components are released that facilitates the autonomic response that is the autonomic response that was released will be aided by the liberation of chemicals such as norepinephrine and epinephrine, where both are secreted by the adrenal gland and to further increase the flow of blood aided in the rejuvenation of muscles of nutrients and oxygen.
The emotion will activate several areas on the brain in the limbic system and this varied based on emotions such as happiness, anger or aggression, and fear. Several hormones are secreted as the response of the emotion and are varied based on different emotions.
Sleep is the activity that is produced by the body that initiates the feeling of sleepiness for people to take several hours of rest and during the sleep, there is a depletion of movement, responsiveness, and awareness. The sleep is categorized into two phases such as NREM that is non-rapid eye movement sleep and REM that is rapid eye movement.
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